Depto. Química Orgánica

Brief History

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15/07/2017
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The most outstanding milestones in the History of Chemistry are the following: (there are many others but these are my favorite)
Finales siglo XVIII At the end of the XVIII Century The Organic Chemistry enigma: The VITAL FORCE.
It is already realized that organic compounds are formed by a very limited number of different elements.
Principios del siglo XIX Beginning of XIX Century Chemists intuit a highly structural order. The multiple proportion law is stablished. 
1820-1830 1820-1830 Urea synthesis: a bridge is laid down between inorganic and organic chemistry.
The precision of elemental analyses is improved.
An unsuspected ravel unravels: ISOMERISM. 
circa 1830 circa 1830 The organic radicals are proposed as en ordering principle.
Discovery and profusion of organic radicals. 
1840-1850 1840-1850 Establishing further order amidst organic radicals: the concept of substitution.
Definition of derived radicals. 
1850-1860 1850-1860 Ordering by compound type.
Unifying radicals and compound types.
Internal structure of radicals: The discovery of carbon tetravalency and its capacity to form endless chains.
1860-1870 1860-1870 Tetrahedral structure of carbon: optical isomerism.
First modern formulatons.
Hitos recientes Recent Milestones Haxagonal structure of benzene.
Set up of resonance theory.
Development of x-ray diffaction and mass spectrometry.
Conformational analysis: cyclohexane stereochemistry.
Discovery and development of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.
This summary has been extracted in part from the book From Vital Force to Structural Formulas O. Theodor Benfey, ACS, 1975
Most part of the biographic references have been extracted from the Larousse enciclopedia.